A formal document appointing Gen. Vito Belarmino as Assistant Secretary of War of the Revolutionary Government of the Philippines under Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo dated September 30, 1898.
A handwritten document signed by Emilio Aguinaldo appointing Gen. Vito Belarmino as Assistant Secretary of War under Secretary Emiliano Riego de Dios at Biak-na-Bato on November 3, 1897.
The face of the General in uniform
Belarmino was among the 36 Filipino rebel leaders who went in exile to Hong Kong by virtue of the Pact of Biyak-na-bato which was signed on Dec. 14, 1897.
Filipino rebel leaders arrive Dagupan Decr 29, 1897 on board railroad car from left Gregorio del Pilar, Wenceslao Viniegra, Emilio Aguinaldo, Vito Belarmino and Pedro Paterno.
Aguinaldo, Paterno sitting and 5 other Filipino leaders December 1897. Gen. Belarmino on extreme right.
On Oct. 29, 1898, he was ordered to lead the province of Albay and to establish a republican government there and to assume the position of military commander of both Camarines and Sorsogon provinces.
On Jan. 23, 1900 at Legaspi, Albay, Belarmino and General Jose Ignacio Paua put up a strong resistance but in the end had to retreat. On January 24, Virac, Catanduanes Island (then a part of Albay Province), was taken by the Americans without a shot being fired. On February 8, Tabaco, Albay was captured and on February 23, Naga, Camarines fell.
General Paua surrendered on March 27, 1900 to Col. Walter Howe, Commanding Officer of the 47th Infantry Regiment; Belarmino continued to wage guerrilla warfare and repeatedly harassed American installations in the Bicol region.
But with almost no ammunition, Belarmino had to surrender on July 4, 1901. He went back to Silang, Cavite where he retired into private life.
The General and his wife
General Belarmino in his old years, already blind. On July 14, 1933, at the age of 76, Belarmino died of a cerebral attack.
Special thanks to the kindness of Mr. Ricardo Mercado and credits to Mr. Arnaldo Dumindin’ s text from freewebs.